Candide

Or Optimism

By Voltaire; Theo Cuffe (Translator); Michael Wood (Introduction by)
(Penguin Books, Paperback, 9780140455106, 155pp.)

Publication Date: February 2009

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Description
Voltaire's brilliant satirical assault on what he saw as the naively optimistic philosophy of the Enlightenment, Candide, or Optimism is a dazzling picaresque novel, translated and edited by Theo Cuffe with an introduction by Michael Wood in Penguin Classics. Brought up in the household of a German Baron, Candide is an open-minded young man whose tutor, Pangloss, has instilled in him the belief, inspired by Leibniz, that 'all is for the best in this, the best of all possible worlds'. But when his love for the Baron's rosy-cheeked daughter is discovered, Candide is cast out to make his own fortune. As he and his various companions roam over the world, an outrageous series of disasters befall them - earthquakes, syphilis, a brush with the Inquisition, murder - sorely testing the young hero's optimism. In Candide, Voltaire threw down an audacious challenge to the philosophical views of his time, to create one of the most glorious satires of the eighteenth century. Theo Cuffe's translation brilliantly conveys Voltaire's acerbic humour. In his introduction, Michael Wood discusses Voltaire's satirical attack on contemporary philosophy. This edition also contains a map, extensive notes, table of dates, further reading and appendices including extracts from Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary. Francois-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), better known by his pseudonym Voltaire, was a French writer and satirist, the embodiment of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. Among his best-known works is the satirical novel Candide (1759). If you enjoyed Candide, you might like Laurence Sterne's The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, also available in Penguin Classics. 'The prince of philosophical novels' John Updike, author of Rabbit, Run ' An] excellent new translation' Robert McCrum, Observer.



About the Author
Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet) (1694--1778) was one of the key thinkers of the European Enlightenment. Of his many works, "Candide" remains the most popular.
Peter Constantine was awarded the 1998 PEN Translation Award for "Six Early Stories "by Thomas Mann and the 1999 National Translation Award for "The Undiscovered Chekhov: Forty-three New Stories." Widely acclaimed for his recent translation of the complete works of Isaac Babel, he also translated Gogol's "Taras Bulba" and Tolstoy's "The Cossacks "for the Modern Library. His translations of fiction and poetry have appeared in many publications, including "The New Yorker, Harper's," and "Paris Review. "He lives in New York City.



Michael Wood, journalist, broadcaster, and filmmaker, is author of several highly acclaimed books, including "Domesday "(1986), "In Search of the Dark Ages "(1987), "Legacy "(1995), "In Search of the Trojan War "(California, 1998), "In Search of England "(California, 2000), "Conquistadors "(California, 2002), and "In Search of Shakespeare "(2003). He has more than eighty documentary films to his name, among them "Legacy, Saddam's Killing Fields, Art of the Western World, "and "In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great, "for which he also wrote the accompanying book, published in paperback by California (2001).
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