Living with Hitler
Liberal Democrats in the Third Reich
By Eric Kurlander
(Yale University Press, Hardcover, 9780300116663, 288pp.)
Publication Date: August 2009
This book addresses key questions about liberal democrats and their activities in Germany from 1933 to the end of the Nazi regime. While it is commonly assumed that liberals fled their homeland at the first sign of jackboots, in reality most stayed. Some even thrived under Hitler, personally as well as professionally. Historian Eric Kurlander examines the motivations, hopes, and fears of liberal democratsGermans who best exemplified the middle-class progressivism of the Weimar Republicto discover why so few resisted and so many embraced elements of the Third Reich.
German liberalism was not only the opponent and victim of National Socialism, Kurlander suggests, but in some ways its ideological and sociological antecedent. That liberalism could be both has crucial implications for understanding the genesis of authoritarian regimes everywhere. Indeed, Weimar democrats’ prolonged reluctance to oppose the regime demonstrates how easily a liberal democracy may gradually succumb to fascism.
Eric Kurlander is associate professor of history at Stetson University. He lives in Deland, Florida.
"Written in an eminently readable and inviting style. . . . This book is filled with interesting observations and original insights. . . . Certainly filling a gap in the existing scholarship, with its comprehensive portrayal of liberal democrats in the Third Reich."—Jonathan Sperber, The Journal of Central European History