Tough Without a Gun
The Life and Extraordinary Afterlife of Humphrey Bogart
By Stefan Kanfer
(Knopf, Hardcover, 9780307271006, 304pp.)
Publication Date: February 1, 2011
Humphrey Bogart: it’s hard to think of anyone who’s had the same lasting impact on the culture of movies. Though he died at the young age of fifty-seven more than half a century ago, his influence among actors and filmmakers, and his enduring appeal for film lovers around the world, remains as strong as ever. What is it about Bogart, with his unconventional looks and noticeable speech impediment, that has captured our collective imagination for so long? In this definitive biography, Stefan Kanfer answers that question, along the way illuminating the private man Bogart was and shining the spotlight on some of the greatest performances ever captured on celluloid.
Bogart fell into show business almost by accident and worked for nearly twenty years before becoming the star we know today. Born into a life of wealth and privilege in turn-of-the-century New York, Bogart was a troublemaker throughout his youth, getting kicked out of prep school and running away to join the navy at the age of nineteen. After a short, undistinguished stint at sea, Bogart spent his early twenties drifting aimlessly from one ill-fitting career to another, until, through a childhood friend, he got his first theater job. Working first as a stagehand and then, reluctantly, as a bit-part player, Bogart cut his teeth in one forgettable role after another. But it was here he began to develop a work ethic; deciding that there were “two kinds of men: professionals and bums,” Bogart, for the first time in his life, wanted to be the former.
After the Crash of ’29, Bogart headed west to try his luck in Hollywood. That luck was scarce, and he slogged through more than thirty B-movie roles before his drinking buddy John Huston wrote him a part that would change everything; with High Sierra, Bogart finally broke through at the age of forty—being a pro had paid off.
What followed was a string of movies we have come to know as the most beloved classics of American cinema: The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, The Big Sleep, The African Queen . . . the list goes on and on. Kanfer appraises each of the films with an unfailing critical eye, weaving in lively accounts of behind-the-scenes fun and friendships, including, of course, the great love story of Bogart and Bacall. What emerges in these pages is the portrait of a great Hollywood life, and the final word on why there can only ever be one Bogie.
Stefan Kanfer’s books include Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life and Comic Art of Lucille Ball; Stardust Lost: The Triumph, Tragedy, and Mishugas of the Yiddish Theater in America; and Somebody: The Reckless Life and Remarkable Career of Marlon Brando. He was a writer and editor at Time for more than twenty years and was its first bylined film critic, a post he held between 1967 and 1972. He is also the primary interviewer in the Academy Award–nominated documentary The Line King and editor of an anthology of Groucho Marx’s comedy, The Essential Groucho. He is a Literary Lion of the New York Public Library and recipient of numerous writing awards. He lives in New York and on Cape Cod.
"Stefan Kanfer’s excellent new book, Tough Without A Gun: The Life And Extraordinary Afterlife Of Humphrey Bogart, isn’t exactly a biography. Though Kanfer limns the crucial milestones of Bogie’s 57 years, what emerges from his book is more enlightening than an exhaustive timeline: He presents a sense of the interplay between the actor, his iconic roles, and the ever-shifting ideal of American masculinity. . . Kanfer has crafted a moving, psychologically intimate portrait of an icon that leaves some of the mystique intact."
-Meredith Blake, The Onion, AV Club
"There may be no better analysis of Bogart’s mysterious and enduring appeal."
-Allen Barra, The Daily Beast
"Compelling . . . An entertaining, definitive portrait."
"In this possibly definitive Bogart biography, Kanfer convincingly presents the reasons for the actor’s continuing relevance . . . eminently readable."
-Roy Liebman, Library Journal (starred)
" . . . [A] revealing account of Bogart’s life and legacy . . . what separates Kanfer’s book from other Bogart bios . . . is the emphasis on the actor’s “afterlife,” the way that somehow his persona—“integrity, stoicism, sexual charisma accompanied by a cool indifference to women”—has never gone out of style. Bogart divided the world into “professionals and bums,” and Kanfer makes a convincing case that, with so many bums surrounding us today, the real pros never grow stale."
-Bill Ott, Booklist
"Stefan Kanfer's Bogart biography . . . is called "Tough Without a Gun: The Life and Extraordinary Afterlife of Humphrey Bogart." It's the afterlife that matters, and the best part of Mr. Kanfer's account is his analysis of Bogart's role as what cultural historians call a "modal personality" of his time—and what a long time it has been."
-Henry Allen, The Wall Street Journal
"Kanfer rounds up the varying ways in which Bogart lives on after his death, from inspiring French New Wave directors and Woody Allen to the cult that has grown up around 'Casablanca.'"
-Chris Foran, The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
" Kanfer has sounded [Bogart] out beautifully with this swift, smart, scrupulous book. It brims with insights no less piercing for the modesty with which they are framed."
-Tom Shone, Slate
". . . a deft . . . sketch . . . Kanfer's at his best when he's digging into the substance of Bogart's projects"
-Alyssa Rosnberg, TheAtlantic.com
"Kanfer . . . brings his knowledge of Hollywood and its ways to this entertaining book . . . [it] should appeal to older Bogart enthusiasts and younger movie fans discovering him for the first time. It's a readable and entertaining biography that reflects the author's delight in his subject and the world in which Bogart thrived."
-Jerry Harkavy, The Associated Press
"Kanfer . . . clearly knows every frame of Bogart’s many films, [and] writes in a lively Hollywood demotic that doesn’t disguise his reverence for the great actor - or the great man."
-Jane Shilling, Daily Mail (UK)
". . . insightful . . . analysis of the way that Bogart worked "
-Roger K. Miller, Chicago Sun-Times