The Rationalists

The Rationalists Cover

The Rationalists

Descartes: Discourse on Method & Meditations; Spinoza: Ethics; Leibniz: Monadology & Discourse on Metaphysics

By Rene Descartes; Benedict de Spinoza; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Anchor Books, Paperback, 9780385095402, 480pp.

Publication Date: August 23, 1960

Description

Founded in the mid-17th century, Rationalism was  philosophy's first step into the modern era. This  volume contains the essential statements of  Rationalism's three greatest figures: Descartes, who  began it; Spinoza, who epitomized it; and Leibniz,  who gave it its last serious expression.



About the Author
Ren? Descartes, known as the Father of Modern Philosophy and inventor of Cartesian coordinates, was a seventeenth century French philosopher, mathematician, and writer. Descartes made significant contributions to the fields of philosophy and mathematics, and was a proponent of rationalism, believing strongly in fact and deductive reasoning. Working in both French and Latin, he wrote many mathematical and philosophical works including The World, Discourse on a Method, Meditations on First Philosophy, and Passions of the Soul. He is perhaps best known for originating the statement I think, therefore I am.

Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677) was a Dutch philosopher who was one of the great rationalists of the 17th century; his best known works are his Theological-Political Treatise and Ethics.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, ne a Leipzig le 1er juillet 1646 et mort a Hanovre le 14 novembre 1716, est un philosophe, scientifique, mathematicien, logicien, diplomate, juriste, bibliothecaire et philologue allemand. Il exerca une grande influence sur les cours d Europe, fit passer les mathematiques dans une nouvelle ere. Il est considere comme l un des plus grands penseurs europeens.