How We Do It

How We Do It Cover

How We Do It

The Evolution and Future of Human Reproduction

By Robert Martin

Basic Books (AZ), Hardcover, 9780465030156, 304pp.

Publication Date: June 11, 2013

Description
Despite the widespread belief that natural is better when it comes to sex, pregnancy, and parenting, most of us have no idea what natural really means; the origins of our reproductive lives remain a mystery. Why are a quarter of a billion sperm cells needed to fertilize one egg? Are women really fertile for only a few days each month? How long should babies be breast-fed?
In "How We Do It," primatologist Robert Martin draws on forty years of research to locate the roots of everything from our sex cells to the way we care for newborns. He examines the procreative history of humans as well as that of our primate kin to reveal what's really natural when it comes to making and raising babies, and distinguish which behaviors we ought to continueand which we should not. Although it's not realistic to raise our children like our ancestors did, Martin's investigation reveals surprising consequences ofand suggests ways to improve uponthe way we do things now. For instance, he explains why choosing a midwife rather than an obstetrician may have a greater impact than we think on our birthing experience, examines the advantages of breast-feeding for both mothers and babies, and suggests why babies may be ready for toilet training far earlier than is commonly practiced.
"How We Do It" offers much-needed context for our reproductive and child-rearing practices, and shows that once we understand our evolutionary past, we can consider what worked, what didn t, and what it all means for the future of our species.


About the Author
Robert Martin is the A. Watson Armour III Curator of Biological Anthropology at the Field Museum in Chicago, as well as a member of the Committee on Evolutionary Biology at the University of Chicago. He was previously on the faculty of University College London, a visiting professor of anthropology at Yale, a visiting professor at the Musee de l Homme, Paris, and the director of the Anthropological Institute in Zurich."