The Origins and History of Consciousness
Publication Date: October 1995
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The first of Erich Neumann's works to be translated into English, this eloquent book draws on a full range of world mythology to show that individual consciousness undergoes the same archetypal stages of development as has human consciousness as a whole. Neumann, one of Jung's most creative students and a renowned practitioner of analytical psychology in his own right, shows how the stages begin and end with the symbol of the Uroboros, or tail-eating serpent. The intermediate stages are projected in the universal myths of the World Creation, Great Mother, Separation of the World Parents, Birth of the Hero, Slaying of the Dragon, Rescue of the Captive, and Transformation and Deification of the Hero. Throughout the sequence the Hero is the evolving ego consciousness.
Jung studied medicine at Basel, and worked at the Burgholzli mental health clinic in Zurich (1900-1909). He met Freud in 1907, and became his leading collaborator. He became critical of Freud's approach in 1913, which caused a break between them.