Circle in the Sand

The Bush Dynasty in Iraq

By Christian Alfonsi
(Vintage, Paperback, 9781400096060, 480pp.)

Publication Date: October 9, 2007

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Essential to understanding the roots of one of the worst foreign policy disasters in American history, Circle in the Sand is a revelation-filled account that exposes the troubling links between the two Bush presidencies and their wars in Iraq. Drawing on hundreds of never-before-revealed White House documents, as well as interviews with top officials from both Bush administrations, Christian Alfonsi paints a devastating new portrait of the Bush dynasty.

About the Author

Christian Alfonsi holds a 1999 Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University; his dissertation, "Improvised Crusades," examined the first Bush Administration's use of military intervention in foreign affairs and is the basis for Circle in the Sand. After graduation he worked as a strategic planner for Young and Rubicam until his thesis advisors Stanley Hoffman and Ernest May urged him to revisit his dissertation and turn it into a book.

Praise For Circle in the Sand

“Not until Circle in the Sand has such a powerful light been thrown on the missing link in the chain of events that led from the first Gulf War to the second. . . . Riveting.” —Bill Moyers “An eye-opener. . . . A retelling of the 1990-91 Gulf crisis with the benefit of new documents and on-the-record interviews with senior officials then and now. . . . Plenty of juicy tidbits about the once and future Bushies.” —The Washington Post Book World“Dramatically illustrates how decisions made [in 1991] foreshadowed the war in Iraq waged by the current Bush administration. . . . Illuminating.” —Booklist (starred review)“Circle in the Sand could as well be called ‘debacle in the sand.’ It goes to the heart of a national tragedy–how two generations of Bush family mismanagement and inept strategy in Iraq may have doomed early-21st century American policy in the Middle East.”—Kevin Phillips, author of American Theocracy

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