The Cold War & the University
Publication Date: November 1996
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The years following 1945 witnessed a massive change in American intellectual thought and in the life of American universities. The effort to mobilize intellectual talent during the war established new links between the government and the academy. After the war, many of those who had worked with the military or the Office of Strategic Studies took jobs in the burgeoning postwar structure of university-based military research and intelligence agencies, bringing large infusions of government money into many fields.
The essays in this text explore what happened to the university in these years and why. They show the many ways existing disciplines, such as anthropology, were affected by the Cold War ethos, and discuss the rise of new fields, such as area studies, and the changing nature of dissent and academic freedom during and since the Cold War.
Ira Katznelson is Ruggles Professor of Political Science and History at Columbia University and Research Associate at the Centre for History and Economics, King's College, Cambridge. A Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society, Professor Katznelson has published widely on the history of the western liberal tradition.
Laura Nader is Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley, and author of "Naked Science: Anthropological Inquiry into Boundaries, Power, and Knowledge "(1996) and "Harmony Ideology: Justice and Control in a Zapotec Mountain Village "(1990), and editor of "Law in Culture and Society "(paperback edition, California, 1997).