The 57 Bus
A True Story of Two Teenagers and the Crime That Changed Their Lives
Dashka Slater's The 57 Bus, a riveting nonfiction book for teens about race, class, gender, crime, and punishment, tells the true story of an agender teen who was set on fire by another teen while riding a bus in Oakland, California.
A New York Times Bestseller
Stonewall Book Award Winner—Mike Morgan & Larry Romans Children's & Young Adult Literature Award
YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction for Young Adults Finalist
One teenager in a skirt.
One teenager with a lighter.
One moment that changes both of their lives forever.
If it weren’t for the 57 bus, Sasha and Richard never would have met. Both were high school students from Oakland, California, one of the most diverse cities in the country, but they inhabited different worlds. Sasha, a white teen, lived in the middle-class foothills and attended a small private school. Richard, a black teen, lived in the crime-plagued flatlands and attended a large public one.
Each day, their paths overlapped for a mere eight minutes. But one afternoon on the bus ride home from school, a single reckless act left Sasha severely burned, and Richard charged with two hate crimes and facing life imprisonment. The case garnered international attention, thrusting both teenagers into the spotlight.
Praise For The 57 Bus: A True Story of Two Teenagers and the Crime That Changed Their Lives…
Stonewall Book Award—Mike Morgan & Larry Romans Children's & Young Adult Literature Award Winner
YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction for Young Adults Finalist
A Boston Globe-Horn Book Nonfiction Honor Book Winner
One of TIME Magazine's Best YA Books of All Time
A TAYSHAS Top Ten Book
#1 School Library Journal: Teen Librarian Tool Box Best LGBTQIA+ Book
A 2019 Texas Topaz Nonfiction Reading List Book
Illinois Teen Readers' Choice Award
A James Cook Honor Book
A School Library Journal Best Book of 2017!
A Washington Post Best Book of 2017!
One of The New York City Public Library Notable 50 Best Books for Teens!
The California Book Awards Young Adult Winner!
An ILA Notable Book for a Global Society!
Oklahoma Sequoyah Book Award Winner!
Maryland Association of School Librarians YA Nominee!
The Florida Teens Read Hope Speak List Book Choice!
The Green Mountain Book Award Winner!
A 2020 Grand Canyon Nominee!
"A sensitive study of an incident wrapped up in so many modern conundrums." —The Financial Times
"The text shifts from straightforward reporting to lyrical meditations, never veering into oversentimentality or simple platitudes. Readers are bound to come away with deep empathy for both Sasha and Richard. VERDICT Slater artfully unfolds a complex and layered tale about two teens whose lives intersect with painful consequences." —School Library Journal starred review
"With a journalist's eye for overlooked details, Slater does a masterful job debunking the myths of the hate-crime monster and the African-American thug, probing the line between adolescent stupidity and irredeemable depravity. Few readers will traverse this exploration of gender identity, adolescent crime, and penal racism without having a few assumptions challenged. An outstanding book that links the diversity of creed and the impact of impulsive actions to themes of tolerance and forgiveness." —Kirkus starred review
"Using details gleaned from interviews, social media, surveillance video, public records, and other sources, Slater skillfully conveys the complexities of both young people’s lives and the courage and compassion of their families, friends, and advocates, while exploring the challenges and moral ambiguities of the criminal justice system. This painful story illuminates, cautions, and inspires." —Publishers Weekly starred review
"It is likely that this account will spark conversations, debates, and contemplation, perhaps leading readers to define for themselves what justice means."—VOYA
"[A] multi-layered lesson on the healing power of humanity." —Shelf Awareness starred review
"...a powerful story of class and race (Sasha is white), gender and identity, justice and mercy, love and hate. Slater has crafted a compelling true-crime story with ramifications for our most vulnerable youth." —The Horn Book
“This book challenged my views and it started a conversation in my house that I thought I’d never have. We all changed, at least in my house, because of this book.” —Kate Terbush, The LA Times
"Slater approaches both students’ perspectives with nuance and complexity, and while there are no easy answers in this narrative, her compassionate writing shows that there’s often more to the story than we see." —Cady Lang, TIME Magazine, selected as one of The Best YA Books of All Time
Farrar, Straus and Giroux (BYR), 9780374303235, 320pp.
Publication Date: October 17, 2017
About the Author
Conversation Starters from ReadingGroupChoices.com
1. The beginning of the book expresses the desire to do something to stop the events that are about to take place. What might a passenger on the bus have done to change things? What can any of us do to prevent incidents like the one that happened on the 57 bus?
2. How did you feel about Sasha’s choice of they and them as personal pronouns when you started reading the book? Did your feelings change over the course of reading the book?
3. The glossary beginning on page 33 has separate categories for gender and sex, sexuality, and romantic inclination. Do you experience those things separately from one another, or are they intertwined?
4. The book is about an alleged hate crime. Who in the story exhibits hate? Who exhibits love?
5. Some people argue that bias crimes shouldn’t be on the books at all, that only deeds should be against the law, rather than the motive behind the deed. Others argue that bias crimes are worse than other crimes because they arouse fear among an entire group of people. What do you think? Is it important to prosecute hate crimes? Why or why not?
6. At one point Richard’s family members relate the case of Donald Williams Jr., a young black man who was bullied by his white roommates in a university dormitory. Like some of Richard’s friends and family said about what Richard did, Williams’s roommates defended their actions as a “prank.” Do you think the two cases are similar or different? What’s the difference between a prank and bullying, and between a prank and a hate crime? Is there a difference?
7. Should juveniles be charged as adults when they commit serious crimes? Do you agree with the idea of “adult time for adult crimes?” Was Nancy O’Malley, the district attorney, justified in trying Richard as an adult?
8. Do you think our society sees agender and transgender people as different from each other? If so, how? Do you think that being transgender or agender is different from being homosexual?
9. In what ways are Sasha and Richard similar? In what ways are they different?
10. Did Sasha’s family’s attitude toward Richard surprise you? Did you agree or disagree with their reaction? Why?
11. Which is harder—admitting you’ve done something wrong or forgiving someone who has wronged you? Are contrition and forgiveness linked?
12. Have your peers ever encouraged you to do something dangerous or mean? Did you go along with it?
13. Do you think Richard was being honest with the police when he told them his reason for setting Sasha’s skirt on fire? If not, why do you think he lied?
14. What surprised you about Sasha? What surprised you about Richard?
15. Richard had been robbed not long before he set Sasha’s skirt on fire, and his close friend had been murdered earlier that year. Have you ever been the victim of a crime, or lost someone close to you? How did it affect you?
16. The fire on the bus impacted Sasha and Richard in profound ways, but it also affected the people around them. What were some of the repercussions for those people? Are there other crimes discussed in the book that also had far-reaching impacts?
17. What point do you think the poem “Binary” is making? Do you agree or disagree?
18. What do you think is the goal of criminal punishment? Why do we put people in prison? Do you think it’s an effective strategy for reducing crime?
19. What does it mean to forgive? Jasmine tells Richard to “forgive, but don’t forget,” while Richard counters that you have to forget in order to forgive. Which do you think is true?
20. At the end of the book, Andrew says that he finds being a boy as much of a trap as being a girl. What might make gender a trap? Is that how you experience it?
21. Who did you identify with or understand in the book? Who was harder for you to relate to?
22. Several people wrote letters that are included or mentioned in this book—Karl, Debbie, Richard, and the principal of Richard’s school, Matin Abdel-Qawi. What do these letters have in common? How is a letter different from other forms of communication?
23. One chapter in the book describes ways in which the adolescent brain is different from an adult’s brain. Did this description ring true to you? Do you see yourself as being “under the influence of adolescence”?
24. In the chapter “Court Date,” members of Richard’s family talk to the media for the first time. Why do you think people took their statements the way they did? What role does the media play in shaping how people see criminal cases?