Censors at Work
How States Shaped Literature
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"Splendid…[Darnton gives] us vivid, hard-won detail, illuminating narrative, and subtle, original insight." —Timothy Garton Ash, New York Review of Books
With his uncanny ability to spark life in the past, Robert Darnton re-creates three historical worlds in which censorship shaped literary expression in distinctive ways.
In eighteenth-century France, censors, authors, and booksellers collaborated in making literature by navigating the intricate culture of royal privilege. Even as the king's censors outlawed works by Voltaire, Rousseau, and other celebrated Enlightenment writers, the head censor himself incubated Diderot’s great Encyclopedie by hiding the banned project’s papers in his Paris townhouse. Relationships at court trumped principle in the Old Regime.
Shaken by the Sepoy uprising in 1857, the British Raj undertook a vast surveillance of every aspect of Indian life, including its literary output. Years later the outrage stirred by the British partition of Bengal led the Raj to put this knowledge to use. Seeking to suppress Indian publications that it deemed seditious, the British held hearings in which literary criticism led to prison sentences. Their efforts to meld imperial power and liberal principle fed a growing Indian opposition.
In Communist East Germany, censorship was a component of the party program to engineer society. Behind the unmarked office doors of Ninety Clara-Zetkin Street in East Berlin, censors developed annual plans for literature in negotiation with high party officials and prominent writers. A system so pervasive that it lodged inside the authors’ heads as self-censorship, it left visible scars in the nation’s literature.
By rooting censorship in the particulars of history, Darnton's revealing study enables us to think more clearly about efforts to control expression past and present.
Praise For Censors at Work: How States Shaped Literature…
— Alberto Manguel - New York Times Book Review
— Jonathan Yardley - Washington Post
[V]ivid, fascinating…a human comedy full of intriguing revelations.
— Felipe Fernández-Armesto - Wall Street Journal
There is no better guide to the inside story of censorship in the past or present than the internationally renowned historian Robert Darnton. He makes the most prosaic encounters come to life…Darnton brings all his skills and passions for books to this fascinating study of censorship in three different times and places and draws a number of conclusions that will be of interest to readers everywhere.
— Lynn Hunt, author of Inventing Human Rights
As we move into an age of almost universal surveillance, it is cheering to remember that censors can never achieve the degree of control to which they aspire, and need never have the last word.
— Maureen Freely - Telegraph (UK)
An intriguing story emerges as censors are presented as both a necessary evil and an authoritarian measure, working with authors as much as against them…[A] thought-provoking look at a controversial subject.
— Publishers Weekly
A fascinating visit to the censor’s office.
W. W. Norton & Company, 9780393351804, 320pp.
Publication Date: September 21, 2015