Skip to main content

Syndicate Women

Gender and Networks in Chicago Organized Crime

Chris M. Smith


List Price: 29.95*
* Individual store prices may vary.

Other Editions of This Title:
Hardcover (7/2/2019)


In Syndicate Women, sociologist Chris M. Smith uncovers a unique historical puzzle: women composed a substantial part of Chicago organized crime in the early 1900s, but during Prohibition (1920–1933), when criminal opportunities increased and crime was most profitable, women were largely excluded. During the Prohibition era, the markets for organized crime became less territorial and less specialized, and criminal organizations were restructured to require relationships with crime bosses. These processes began with, and reproduced, gender inequality. The book places organized crime within a gender‑based theoretical framework while assessing patterns of relationships that have implications for non‑criminal and more general societal issues around gender. As a work of criminology that draws on both historical methods and contemporary social network analysis, Syndicate Women centers the women who have been erased from analyses of gender and crime and breathes new life into our understanding of the gender gap.

Praise For Syndicate Women: Gender and Networks in Chicago Organized Crime

"With extensive archival analysis, attention to details and richness of data, the book provides a picturesque, entertaining yet rigorous picture of the unique illicit society of underground Chicago in the first 30 years of the 20th Century. . . . I highly recommend this book, which opens many historical, sociological, criminological, and organisational questions on gender inequalities and their structural contexts."
— Global Crime

"Smith’s careful study is a welcome addition to the history of crime and criminal justice."
— Law & Society Review

University of California Press, 9780520300767, 208pp.

Publication Date: July 2, 2019

About the Author

Chris M. Smith is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto.