Lumbee Indians in the Jim Crow South (Paperback)
Race, Identity, and the Making of a Nation (First Peoples: New Directions in Indigenous Studies (University of N
University of North Carolina Press, 9780807871119, 339pp.
Publication Date: April 15, 2010
Lowery argues that "Indian" is a dynamic identity that, for outsiders, sometimes hinged on the presence of "Indian blood" (for federal New Deal policy makers) and sometimes on the absence of "black blood" (for southern white segregationists). Lumbee people themselves have constructed their identity in layers that tie together kin and place, race and class, tribe and nation; however, Indians have not always agreed on how to weave this fabric into a whole. Using photographs, letters, genealogy, federal and state records, and first-person family history, Lowery narrates this compelling conversation between insiders and outsiders, demonstrating how the Lumbee People challenged the boundaries of Indian, southern, and American identities.