Resource Extraction and Protest in Peru (Pitt Latin American Series) (Paperback)
University of Pittsburgh Press, 9780822963097, 200pp.
Publication Date: September 22, 2014
In this groundbreaking study, Moisés Arce exposes a longstanding climate of popular contention in Peru. Looking beneath the surface to the subnational, regional, and local level as inception points, he rigorously dissects the political conditions that set the stage for protest. Focusing on natural resource extraction and its key role in the political economy of Peru and other developing countries, Arce reveals a wide disparity in the incidence, forms, and consequences of collective action.
Through empirical analysis of protest events over thirty-one years, extensive personal interviews with policymakers and societal actors, and individual case studies of major protest episodes, Arce follows the ebb and flow of Peruvian protests over time and space to show the territorial unevenness of democracy, resource extraction, and antimarket contentions. Employing political process theory, Arce builds an interactive framework that views the moderating role of democracy, the quality of institutional representation as embodied in political parties, and most critically, the level of political party competition as determinants in the variation of protest and subsequent government response. Overall, he finds that both the fluidity and fragmentation of political parties at the subnational level impair the mechanisms of accountability and responsiveness often attributed to party competition. Thus, as political fragmentation increases, political opportunities expand, and contention rises. These dynamics in turn shape the long-term development of the state.
Resource Extraction and Protest in Peru will inform students and scholars of globalization, market transitions, political science, contentious politics and Latin America generally, as a comparative analysis relating natural resource extraction to democratic processes both regionally and internationally.
About the Author
Praise For Resource Extraction and Protest in Peru (Pitt Latin American Series)…
“. . . Arce pushes the social movement literature into new dimensions . . . Resource Extraction offers indispensable reading for social movement scholars in the fields of sociology, political science, anthropology, history, and Latin American studies.’
“Moisés Arce delivers an important book. Against the tide of conventional wisdom, he masterfully shows that sporadic, seemingly isolated protests against natural resource extraction at the subnational level, when aggregated, do have significant national policy effects. Drawing on a wealth of evidence, Arce insightfully combines political science and social movement theory to reveal the links between democracy, party competition, and variation in antimarket protest at the subnational level in Peru. The book has tremendous comparative implications for anyone studying protest against the ‘new extractivism’ elsewhere in Latin America.”
—Eduardo Silva, Tulane University
—Steven Levitsky, Harvard University