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Shamans, Sorcerers, and Saints

A Prehistory of Religion

Brian Hayden


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Historians of art or religion and mythologists, such as Joseph Campbell and Mircea Eliade, have written extensively on prehistoric religion, but no one before has offered a comprehensive and uniquely archaeological perspective on the subject. Hayden opens his book with an examination of the difference between traditional religions, which are passed on through generations orally or experientially, and more modern “book” religions, which are based on some form of scripture that describes supernatural beings and a moral code, such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. He attempts to answer the question of why religion developed at all, arguing that basic religious behaviors of the past and present have been shaped by our innate emotional makeup, specifically our ability to enter into ecstatic states through a variety of techniques and to create binding relationships with other people, institutions, or ideals associated with those states.

Praise For Shamans, Sorcerers, and Saints: A Prehistory of Religion

“An intensely scholarly work that is also eminently readable, this book is highly recommended for academic anthropology and religious studies collections.”—Library Journal

Smithsonian Books, 9781588341686, 480pp.

Publication Date: December 17, 2003

About the Author

BRIAN HAYDEN is an archaeologist and professor at Simon Fraser University.